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small-scale fisheries

Insights into the Potential Pathways for Increasing the Sustainability of Small-scale Fisheries

Insights into the Potential Pathways for Increasing the Sustainability of Small-scale Fisheries

During 2019, Advanced Conservation Strategies and Ocean Outcomes collected primary data to understand key aspects of small-scale fisheries. In particular, we sought to collect insights into the demand for triple-bottom line approaches to small-scale fisheries improvement and perceptions on the challenges to delivering more high-quality and responsible seafood. First, we conducted a rapid online survey focused on demand for triple-bottom line learning in small-scale fisheries. Second, we conducted in-depth interviews in Chile and Peru, which were focused on the importance, attention, and progress of different factors in increasing the amount of small-scale, high-quality, and responsible seafood. Here, we briefly present the results of these two efforts.

Fishers' perceptions on rights-based approaches to marine management

Fishers' perceptions on rights-based approaches to marine management

Territorial use rights in fisheries (TURFs) are becoming a widely promoted tool to enhance the sustainability of small-scale fisheries. In 1991, Chile established a national coastal TURF policy that gave legal authority to assign exclusive access rights to artisanal fisher organizations. In 2014, there were several hundred TURFs decreed to fisher organizations in different biophysical and socioeconomic settings. To date, research assessing TURF implementation has generally been based on a few case studies and have had mixed results. Here, we present results from a survey of 535 fishers from 55 different artisanal fisher organizations. e survey consisted of three open-ended questions that explore users’ perceptions of the main problems, benefits, and improvements concerning assigned TURFs. Main key problems, as perceived by fishers, include increased costs associated with surveillance and poaching, and the variability and sometimes lack of financial returns. Despite strong price drops in exported species, TURFs have provided incentives for innovation and stewardship, and fishers are generally unwilling to relinquish them...